How To Get A Job And Keep A Job
Employability skills are attributes that employers desire in prospective employees. Many employers require applicants to have certain skills in order to be seriously considered for employment. If an employer hires an applicant and then finds them inadequate, the employer may discharge or not promote new employee due to interpersonal relationship issues and negative attitude rather than because of a deficiency in job performance and skill set. One of the main causes of dismissal is inability to get along with co-workers. Employers also focus on soft and hard skills of prospective employees.
SOFT SKILLS are sets of behaviors and personality traits that enable someone to interact effectively and harmoniously with other people - coworkers. Soft skills are non-technical skills that primarily relate to how someone works, especially when interacting with others; i.e., how workers solve problems and manage their work. Therefore, soft skills are important to work success and employers expect employees to have positive interpersonal relationships with coworkers. Soft skills are particularly important in customer-based jobs where there is direct contact with customers. Listening, being polite and helpful are soft skills prioritized by employers as key hiring attributes. Employers often do not ask during interviews about soft skills. Instead interview situations are proposed to assess soft skill qualities.
HARD SKILLS are related to specific skills, technical knowledge and training. Hard skills are teachable and measurable abilities; such as reading, math, writing and computer literacy. Hard skills are often invaluable to both employees and employers because hard skills guarantee job efficiency and effectiveness resulting in increased productivity and employee job satisfaction.
Most preferred hiring qualities reported by companies reflect the soft skill attributes of collaboration, persuasion, creativity and emotional intelligence - all skills that demonstrate how well people work with others and think of new ideas. A comment often said by employers: I can’t teach workers how to smile, but I can increase their skill through training.
BASIC SKILLS - reading, writing, math, communication . . .
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE - capacity to control and express emotions and handle relationships with empathy, compassion and without judgment.
EXAMPLES OF SOFT SKILLS - dependability, interpersonal skills, cooperativeness, enthusiasm, self discipline, self starter, emotional intelligence, communicator, accept feedback, collaborator, organization skills, self management, time management, work ethic, conflict resolution, critical thinking, motivation, creative thinking, flexibility . . .
EXAMPLES OF HARD SKILLS - computer literacy, marketing, writing, finance and accounting, legal skills . . .
SOFT SKILLS AND HARD SKILLS are both important in judging employability, overall performance, job advancement and increased productivity.
• Systematic programming finds careers
• Educational planning method
• Process to help identify career goal
• Exciting and fulfilling when career interests
• Overcomes career aimlessness
• Postsecondary career preparation
• Awareness of career skills and interests
• Acknowledge academic achievement
• Value educational planning
• Answer question: What do I want?
• Know strengths, attributes
• Identify career major
• Understand career cluster
• Prepare list of potential careers
SELECTING CAREER MAJOR
LITERACY - read books with reading comprehension; write with purpose; logical problem solving
MATH - critical thinking, analyze evidence, understand quantitative problems
SOCIAL STUDIES - understand social, historical, economic, political, cultural and geographical concepts
SCIENCE - draw conclusions using relevant empirical evidence; understand scientific concepts
ARTS - understand culture, language, arts and humanities
CRITICAL THINKER AND PROBLEM SOLVER
• Apply reason and logic
• Ability to research and investigate information
• Evaluate information and ideas
• Effective problem solver
COMMUNICATOR AND COLLABORATOR
• Acquired presentation and speaking skills
• Interacts and communicates effectively
• Takes direction from others
• Cooperative and values teamwork
STRONG WORK ETHIC
• Efficient time management
• Takes responsibility for actions
• Prioritizes personal health
• Acts with maturity and politeness
• Takes orders and follows through
VOLUNTEERISM AND SERVICE
• Values, engages and volunteers
• Takes on leadership roles
• Models compassion and empathy
• Participates in political life
• Shows intellectual curiosity
• Promotes new ideas and initiatives
• Appreciates cultures and all art forms
• Uses technology to learn
• Utilizes computers to problem solve and research
• Knowledge of social media-software programs